Thursday, June 23, 2011

Tupolev Tu-160 Blackjack

| Thursday, June 23, 2011 | 0 comments

The Tupolev Tu-160 (NATO reporting name: Blackjack) is a supersonic, variable-sweep wing heavy strategic bomber designed by the Soviet Union. It'is the world's largest operational bomber. Although several civil and military transport aircraft are larger in overall dimensions, the Tu-160 is the world's largest combat aircraft, largest supersonic aircraft, and largest variable-sweep aircraft built. In addition, the Tu-160 has the heaviest takeoff weight of any combat aircraft. Dwarfing the similar-looking B-1B Lancer, it is the heaviest combat aircraft ever built. Unlike the B-1B, the Tu-160 bomber remains committed to both low-level penetration (at transonic speeds) and high-level penetration at speeds of about Mach 1.9.

Although the aircraft has a fly-by-wire control system all cockpit displays are conventional analogue instruments, with no multi-function or head-up displays. The long pointed radome houses a terrain following and attack radar. Below this is a fairing for a forward-looking TV camera used for visual weapon aiming.

As the most powerful combat aircraft of the Soviet Air Forces, the T-160 flies at 2,000 km/hr and can exceed the 2,000 mark with a mission-specific load. The T-160 can climb 60-70 meters per second and reach heights of up 15,000 meters. The bomber can be refueled during flight by IL-78 and ZMS-2 tanker aircraft. The air refueling system consists of a probe and drogue airborne refueling system.

The TU-160 can carry up to 12 Kh-55 long range missiles and Kh-15 short range missiles. The weapons bays can accommodate different loads: carries various bombs: From fee falling nuclear and regular up to 1500 kg bombs. The bomber is not equipped with artillery armament.

Length : 54.1 m
Wing span : 35.6 m swept, 55.7 m spread
Height : 13.1 m
Weight (empty) : 118 t
Weight (maximum take off) : 275 t
Engines : 4 x SSPE Trud NK-321 turbofans
Traction (dry / with afterburning) : 4 x 137.20 / 245.16 kN
Maximum speed : 2.220 km/h
Service ceiling : 15.5 km
Range : 12.300 km
Missiles : 12 x Kh-55 (AS-15 "Kent-A") or Kh-55SM (AS-15 "Kent-B") cruise missiles, 12 x Kh-15P (AS-16 "Kickback")
Bombs : free-fall bombs in place of the missiles


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